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PAKISTAN
Topic initiated on Saturday, January 01, 2011  -  3:46 PM Reply with quote
Muslim Scientists and Scholars


http://www.ummah.com/history/scholars/index.html
safimera

CANADA
Posted - Wednesday, January 05, 2011  -  10:23 AM Reply with quote
this is very small list.
Let me show you the list which wikipedia provided.

Interestingly many unbiased western scientists acknowledged the work of these scientists that how they helped the present day science and technology.

There is no doubt that in history, thru Muslim Spain, Muslim Northern Africa and Othoman occupied eastern europe areas, the west got books and works of our great and so MANY MUSLIM scientists, which developed the BASIC of present day science and technology.

what happened to us in last 400 hundreds yrs is because of extremist and superficial scholars......

you can imagine now.....

even majority of muslims now, are not aware that the birth of present science is because of our great muslims scientists.

Below is the list ...you can google each one and can find the details.
{1)this is the list of scientists which wikipedia provided.There are many other names in other western research books.
2)Some scientists are of recent era in this list.
3) Some names are repeated because they came in 2 or more categories.}


Astronomers and astrophysicists

• Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
• Jafar al-Sadiq
• Yaqūb ibn Tāriq
• Ibrahim al-Fazari
• Muhammad al-Fazari
• Naubakht
• Al-Khwarizmi, mathematician
• Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
• Al-Farghani
• Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
o Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
o Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
o Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
• Al-Majriti
• Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
• Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
• Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
• Abu Sa'id Gorgani
• Kushyar ibn Labban
• Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
• Al-Mahani
• Al-Marwazi
• Al-Nayrizi
• Al-Saghani
• Al-Farghani
• Abu Nasr Mansur
• Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi)
• Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
• Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
• Ibn Yunus
• Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen)
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
• Avicenna
• Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
• Omar Khayyám
• Al-Khazini
• Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
• Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
• Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi (Alpetragius)
• Averroes
• Al-Jazari
• Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
• Anvari
• Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
• Nasir al-Din Tusi
• Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
• Ibn al-Shatir
• Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
• Jamshīd al-Kāshī
• Ulugh Beg, also a mathematician
• Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, Ottoman astronomer
• Ahmad Nahavandi
• Haly Abenragel
• Abolfadl Harawi
• Kerim Kerimov, a founder of Soviet space program, a lead architect behind first human spaceflight (Vostok 1), and the lead architect of the first space stations (Salyut and Mir)[1][2]
• Farouk El-Baz, a NASA scientist involved in the first Moon landings with the Apollo program[3]
• Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
• Muhammed Faris
• Abdul Ahad Mohmand
• Talgat Musabayev
• Anousheh Ansari
• Amir Ansari
• Sultana Nurun Nahar, specialist in atomic astrophysics and spectroscopy

Chemists and alchemists

• Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
• Jafar al-Sadiq
• Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), father of chemistry[4][5][6]
• Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman)
• Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
• Al-Majriti
• Ibn Miskawayh
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
• Avicenna
• Al-Khazini
• Nasir al-Din Tusi
• Ibn Khaldun
• Salimuzzaman Siddiqui
• Al-Khwārizmī, Father of Al-Gabra, (Mathematics)
• Ahmed H. Zewail, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1999[7]
• Mostafa El-Sayed
• asad faraz

Economists and social scientists

• Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man (699-767), economist
• Abu Yusuf (731-798), economist
• Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), economist
• Al-Farabi (Alpharabius) (873–950), economist
• Al-Saghani (d. 990), one of the earliest historians of science
• Shams al-Mo'ali Abol-hasan Ghaboos ibn Wushmgir (Qabus) (d. 1012), economist
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī (973-1048), considered the "first anthropologist"[9] and father of Indology[10]
• Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980–1037), economist
• Ibn Miskawayh (b. 1030), economist
• Al-Ghazali (Algazel) (1058–1111), economist
• Al-Mawardi (1075–1158), economist
• Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī (Tusi) (1201–1274), economist
• Ibn al-Nafis (1213–1288), sociologist
• Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328), economist
• Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406), forerunner of social sciences[11] such as demography,[12] cultural history,[13] historiography,[14] philosophy of history,[15] sociology[12][15] and economics[16][17]
• Al-Maqrizi (1364–1442), economist
• Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani social scientist; pioneer of microcredit
• Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Prize winner Bangladeshi economist; pioneer of microfinance
• Mahbub ul Haq, Pakistani economist; developer of Human Development Index and founder of Human Development Report[18][19]

Geographers and earth scientists

• Al-Masudi, the "Herodotus of the Arabs", and pioneer of historical geography[20]
• Al-Kindi, pioneer of environmental science[21]
• Ibn Al-Jazzar
• Al-Tamimi
• Al-Masihi
• Ali ibn Ridwan
• Muhammad al-Idrisi, also a cartographer
• Ahmad ibn Fadlan
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, father of geodesy,[9][12] considered the first geologist and "first anthropologist"[9]
• Avicenna
• Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi
• Averroes
• Ibn al-Nafis
• Ibn Battuta
• Ibn Khaldun
• Piri Reis
• Evliya Çelebi
• Zaghloul El-Naggar

Mathematicians
• Al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Matar
• Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
• Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algorismi) - father of algebra[22] and algorithms[23]
• 'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk
• Abū al-Hasan ibn Alī al-Qalasādī (1412–1482), pioneer of symbolic algebra[24]
• Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam
• Al-Abbās ibn Said al-Jawharī
• Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
• Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
o Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
o Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
• Al-Mahani
• Ahmed ibn Yusuf
• Al-Majriti
• Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
• Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
• Al-Khalili
• Al-Nayrizi
• Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
• Brethren of Purity
• Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi
• Al-Saghani
• Abū Sahl al-Qūhī
• Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
• Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
• Ibn Sahl
• Al-Sijzi
• Ibn Yunus
• Abu Nasr Mansur
• Kushyar ibn Labban
• Al-Karaji
• Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen/Alhazen)
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
• Ibn Tahir al-Baghdadi
• Al-Nasawi
• Al-Jayyani
• Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
• Al-Mu'taman ibn Hud
• Omar Khayyám
• Al-Khazini
• Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
• Al-Ghazali (Algazel)
• Al-Marrakushi
• Al-Samawal
• Averroes
• Avicenna
• Hunayn ibn Ishaq
• Ibn al-Banna'
• Ibn al-Shatir
• Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
• Jamshīd al-Kāshī
• Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
• Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Maghribī
• Maryam Mirzakhani
• Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
• Muhammad Baqir Yazdi
• Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, 13th century Persian mathematician and philosopher
• Qāḍī Zāda al-Rūmī
• Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
• Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
• Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
• Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf
• Ulugh Beg
• Lotfi Asker Zadeh, Azerbaijanian computer scientist; founder of Fuzzy Mathematics and fuzzy set theory[25][26]
• Cumrun Vafa

Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists

• Ibn Sirin (654–728), author of work on dreams and dream interpretation[27]
• Al-Kindi (Alkindus), pioneer of psychotherapy and music therapy[28]
• Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of psychiatry, clinical psychiatry and clinical psychology[29]
• Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi, pioneer of mental health,[30] medical psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive therapy, psychophysiology and psychosomatic medicine[31]
• Najab ud-din Muhammad, pioneer of mental disorder classification[32]
• Al-Farabi (Alpharabius), pioneer of social psychology and consciousness studies[33]
• Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (Haly Abbas), pioneer of neuroanatomy, neurobiology and neurophysiology[33]
• Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), pioneer of neurosurgery[34]
• Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), founder of experimental psychology, psychophysics, phenomenology and visual perception[35]
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, pioneer of reaction time[36]
• Avicenna (Ibn Sina), pioneer of physiological psychology,[32] neuropsychiatry,[37] thought experiment, self-awareness and self-consciousness[38]
• Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar), pioneer of neurology and neuropharmacology[34]
• Averroes, pioneer of Parkinson's disease[34]
• Ibn Tufail, pioneer of tabula rasa and nature versus nurture[39]
• Mir Sajad,Neuroscientist and pioneer in neuroinflammation and neurogenesis.[40][41]

Physicians and surgeons

• Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
• Jafar al-Sadiq
• Shapur ibn Sahl (d. 869), pioneer of pharmacy and pharmacopoeia[42]
• Al-Kindi (Alkindus) (801-873), pioneer of pharmacology[43]
• Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810-887)
• Al-Jahiz, pioneer of natural selection
• Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of medical encyclopedia[29]
• Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
• Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), pioneer of peer review and medical peer review[44]
• Al-Farabi (Alpharabius)
• Ibn Al-Jazzar (circa 898-980)
• Abul Hasan al-Tabari - physician
• Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari - physician
• Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (d. 994), pioneer of obstetrics and perinatology[45]
• Abu Gaafar Amed ibn Ibrahim ibn abi Halid al-Gazzar (10th century), pioneer of dental restoration[46]
• Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) - father of modern surgery, and pioneer of neurosurgery,[34] craniotomy,[45] hematology[47] and dental surgery[48]
• Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), pioneer of eye surgery, visual system[49] and visual perception[50]
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
• Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037) - father of modern medicine,[51] founder of Unani medicine,[47] pioneer of experimental medicine, evidence-based medicine, pharmaceutical sciences, clinical pharmacology,[52] aromatherapy,[53] pulsology and sphygmology,[54] and also a philosopher
• Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, physician of Unani medicine
• Ibn Miskawayh
• Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) - father of experimental surgery,[55] and pioneer of experimental anatomy, experimental physiology, human dissection, autopsy[56] and tracheotomy[57]
• Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
• Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
• Averroes
• Ibn al-Baitar
• Ibn Jazla
• Nasir al-Din Tusi
• Ibn al-Nafis (1213–1288), father of circulatory physiology, pioneer of circulatory anatomy,[58] and founder of Nafisian anatomy, physiology,[59] pulsology and sphygmology[60]
• Ibn al-Quff (1233–1305), pioneer of embryology[45]
• Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
• Ibn Khatima (14th century), pioneer of bacteriology and microbiology[61]
• Ibn al-Khatib (1313–1374)
• Mansur ibn Ilyas
• Saghir Akhtar - pharmacist
• Syed Ziaur Rahman, pharmacologist
• Toffy Musivand
• Muhammad B. Yunus, the "father of our modern view of fibromyalgia"[62]
• Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, pioneer of biomedical research in space[63][64]
• Hulusi Behçet, known for the discovery of Behçet's disease
• Ibrahim B. Syed - radiologist
• Mehmet Öz, cardiothoracic surgeon

Physicists and engineers

• Jafar al-Sadiq, 8th century
• Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa), 9th century
o Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
o Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
o Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
• Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman), 9th century
• Al-Saghani, 10th century
• Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi), 10th century
• Ibn Sahl, 10th century
• Ibn Yunus, 10th century
• Al-Karaji, 10th century
• Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), 11th century Iraqi scientist, father of optics,[65] pioneer of scientific method[66] and experimental physics,[67] considered the "first scientist"[68]
• Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, 11th century, pioneer of experimental mechanics[69]
• Avicenna, 11th century
• Al-Khazini, 12th century
• Ibn Bajjah (Avempace), 12th century
• Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi (Nathanel), 12th century
• Averroes, 12th century Andalusian mathematician, philosopher and medical expert
• Al-Jazari, 13th century civil engineer, father of robotics,[6] father of modern engineering[70]
• Nasir al-Din Tusi, 13th century
• Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, 13th century
• Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, 13th century
• Ibn al-Shatir, 14th century
• Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, 16th century
• Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi, 17th century
• Lagari Hasan Çelebi, 17th century
• Sake Dean Mahomet, 18th century
• Tipu Sultan, 18th century Indian mechanician
• Fazlur Khan, 20th century Bangladeshi mechanician
• Mahmoud Hessaby, 20th century Iranian physicist
• Ali Javan, 20th century Iranian physicist
• Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie, 20th century Indonesian aerospace engineer and president
• Abdul Kalam, Indian aeronautical engineer and nuclear scientist
• Abdus Salam, Pakistani theoretical physicist and Nobel Prize winner(1979)
• Mehran Kardar, Iranian theoretical physicist
• Cumrun Vafa, Iranian mathematical physicist
• Nima Arkani-Hamed, American-born Iranian physicist
• Abdel Nasser Tawfik, Egyptian-born German particle physicist
• Munir Nayfeh Palestinian-American particle physicist
• Riazuddin, Pakistani theoretical physicist
• Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani nuclear scientist
• Ali Musharafa, Egyptian nuclear physicist
• Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear physicist

Political scientists
• Syed Qutb
• Abul Ala Maududi
• Hasan al-Turabi
• Hassan al-Banna
• Mohamed Hassanein Heikal
• zahid islam karak pakistan

Other scientists and inventors
• Azizul Haque
• Mohammad Sharif Chattar

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