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aslammir

PAKISTAN
Topic initiated on Sunday, February 07, 2010  -  3:32 PM Reply with quote
What is Shariah?


Salaamss<
What is Shariah? What is the difference between Shariah and Fiqah?
Can ijtihad or inference of a scholar or group of scholars be a part of Shariah?
ibrahim

PAKISTAN
Posted - Sunday, February 07, 2010  -  4:49 PM Reply with quote
W Salams

Shariah is a God given thing that cannot be changed in any circumstances whereas the Fiqh is only the understandings of the scholars towards the main sources of Islam Quran & Sunnah. Shariah is binding for us & Fiqh is not.
I hope it helps
aslammir

PAKISTAN
Posted - Wednesday, February 10, 2010  -  3:31 PM Reply with quote
thank u for ur reply!
How to sift God-given Shariah from man-compiled Fiqah?
hkhan

UNITED KINGDOM
Posted - Friday, February 12, 2010  -  6:37 PM Reply with quote
by reading & understanding Qur'an. one can be surprised to hear the stories people make out and then relate it to Qur'an which has absolutely no mention of such.
once i was in my brother's wedding ceremony wen my child started crying in the baby carrier. as i was putting her to sleep and we ladies started talking about child care, one of them suggested to keep a metal object like keys next to the baby coz they would help her go to sleep. i asked the details about this remedy. she said its just like we read dua's like surah falaq and surah na's. i protested, but those pryrs were mentioned in the Qur'an. "haan tow yeh bhi Qur'an mein hee ho ga!!!' (so this must be in Qur'an too!!) the lady didn't like the objection :)
aslammir

PAKISTAN
Posted - Sunday, February 14, 2010  -  6:52 AM Reply with quote
u r right hkhan!A welter of entirely unquranic and unislamic ideas and practices have crept into the prevalent body of Islam.Fatawas of ulemas(muslim scholars),opinions of jurists,culture and local traditions and even superstitions are paraded as divine shariah.Quran calls them isar wa aghlal(burdens and shakles(al-aaraaf:7verse no.157). It has made the body of Islamic injunctions very cumbersome and unwieldy.Simple shariah has become a maze of arcane and irrational rituals and ideas.
ibrahim

PAKISTAN
Posted - Monday, February 15, 2010  -  5:51 AM Reply with quote
quote:

How to sift God-given Shariah from man-compiled Fiqah?
Despite the Big status of Sharee'ah, we must not degrade the importance or value of the work of our great great scholars in the form of Fiqh, tafseer and their other explanatory works.
As said earlier we must not forget the status of Fiqh too despite the greatness of its originators and every new scholar will have to tell the world that why he is supporting one or more opinions and rejecting others. This whole reasoning must be on the basis of Quran & Sunnah only.
abunoman

PAKISTAN
Posted - Thursday, February 25, 2010  -  6:37 AM Reply with quote
Shariah is the Allah's SWT divine code of conduct that is to be obeyed at all cost. And who so ever does not obey any part of this code of conduct, commits sin. And who so ever does not believe upon this code becomes non-muslim.
Fiqh is man-made laws and may or may not be followed depending upon their credibility. However fiqh is not shariah.
aslammir

PAKISTAN
Posted - Thursday, February 25, 2010  -  11:01 AM Reply with quote
Thank u for ur replies!
Are hadiths a part of Shariah?
ibrahim

PAKISTAN
Posted - Friday, February 26, 2010  -  4:13 AM Reply with quote
Hadith is not the source of Shariah. However it's a saved record that:

a) gives us the info about how our beloved prophet acted upon the Sharia of God and his Seerah as well.
b) gives info of his understanding of some parts of Quran & Hadith.
c) gives some news about future especially sighns of Qiyamah & some details of Qur'an & Sunnah
hkhan

UNITED KINGDOM
Posted - Saturday, February 27, 2010  -  11:05 AM Reply with quote
also, fiqh can make such changes to the rules of shariah which are according to the changing times & cultures 7 do not change the basic law. it is the 'aims and Objectives of shariah' that are important(see allama iqbals writing on the topic 'maqa'sid e shariah')
e.g. a modest dress code is a part of shariah for a believer of Qur'an and islam but not necessarily the arab dress of those or today's times. it can be a shalwar qameez in pk and a loose jeans and shirt in uk. however this dress code will be considered still within the shariah
aboosait

INDIA
Posted - Saturday, February 27, 2010  -  5:52 PM Reply with quote
quote:

....Hadith is not the source of Shariah.......
Not all Hadith but the Hadith that deals with Sunnah is a part of Shariah. The Proof regarding Sunnah being part of Shari'ah is in the following Verses.
Al-Imran [3:164]
لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولاً مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلالٍ مُّبِينٍ

3:164 Allah did confer a great favour on the believers when He sent among them an apostle from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture and Wisdom, while, before that, they had been in manifest error.

Al-Jumu'ah [62:2]
هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُوا مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

62:2 It is He Who has sent amongst the Unlettered an apostle from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom,- although they had been, before, in manifest error;-


Again by Sunnah, as Ms.Khan has already explained, I do not mean the design of your shirt but Religious Rules that were taught by the Prophet such as the prayer timings, number of raka'ah etc.

Edited by: aboosait on Saturday, February 27, 2010 5:57 PM
aslammir

PAKISTAN
Posted - Sunday, February 28, 2010  -  6:55 AM Reply with quote
quote]Not all Hadith but the Hadith that deals with Sunnah is a part of Shariah. The Proof regarding Sunnah being part of Shari'ah is in the following Verses.
Thank u for reply! Plz would u elaborate the following points:
1: How did you infer the proof of Sunnah from the cited verses of Al-imran and Jumaa?
2:What is the source of Sunnah? Are hadith and sunnah the same thing?what is the difference between them?
3: How can we sift between sunnah-bearing ahadith and and other ahadith?4:How to determine that this hadith deals with sunnah and that hadith doesn,t?
5:What is the criterion for making certain ahadith a part of Shariah?
3: Is sunnah binding upon us as much as the directives of The Quran?
shehzads

PAKISTAN
Posted - Sunday, February 28, 2010  -  1:47 PM Reply with quote
As far as I have understood every Sunnah(practice of the Prophet SAW) is not in Quran but the whole of Quran is in the Sunnah, which means Sunnah does not contradict Qura'n. However Hadith only supports Quran and Sunnah. It does not add or subtract anything to it. There are no laws of shariah in Hadith.
aslammir

PAKISTAN
Posted - Monday, March 01, 2010  -  2:28 PM Reply with quote
quote:

but the whole of Quran is in the Sunnah,

Plz would you elaborate with some examples?
aboosait

INDIA
Posted - Monday, March 01, 2010  -  3:53 PM Reply with quote
quote:

quote:

but the whole of Quran is in the Sunnah,

Plz would you elaborate with some examples?

Doesnt this sentence that follows the above quote explain things?
quote:

..... which means Sunnah does not contradict Qura'n.
Anyway I think it would be enough to tell you that the religeous acts performed by the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wasallam and and the instructions given by him in this regard were what he recieved from Allah Subhanahu wa ta'alaa.

Allah says,

quote:

53:3 [وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى ]

(Nor does he speak of desire),
asserting that nothing the Prophet utters is of his own desire or wish,
quote:

53;4 [إِنْ هُوَ إِلاَّ وَحْىٌ يُوحَى ]

(It is only a revelation revealed.),
means, he only conveys to the people what he was commanded to convey, in its entirety without additions or deletions.

Edited by: aboosait on Monday, March 01, 2010 3:59 PM
hkhan

UNITED KINGDOM
Posted - Tuesday, March 02, 2010  -  8:49 AM Reply with quote
certain things like eida'en, replying to sneeze, cutting nails and some other hygienic cleansing of body were promoted by the prophet sws as his sunnah as they are not mentioned in Qur'an directly but Qura'n does not contradict them as it gives message of 'purification'. similarly ramadan and hajj are mentioned but not their celebrations as Eid, that prophet did in his own capacity as a prophet and keeping in mind similar traditions from the previous prophetic nations.
we ought to understand that even before a Divine revelation and the practices by the Teachers (prophets pbAt), there is man's own innate guidance with which every individual is blessed. the revelation will point out to most things which may get missed and the prophets would go a step ahead and give further details in practical life.
traffic rules give a very good example for this whole set up.
on most roads and crossings people are used to use their common sense and drive safe. where there is more risk and more chances of mistake and accidents, traffic codes and signals including round abouts , padistrian crossings etc are created.

(check out our course 'Understanding the Sunnah' for details)

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