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Posted - Tuesday, April 13, 2010  -  4:00 AM Reply with quote
Not testing! No! I want to discuss Surah Baqarah thoroughly and to learn from one another in this way! I am just a learner.Hope u participate in the discussion with zeal!

Posted - Tuesday, April 13, 2010  -  6:31 PM Reply with quote

.......... brief account of the previous communities who were given a book and the messenger....... to show where they made mistakes..........how they deserted the commands by unnecessary additions they made to the original.
The sura addresses a wide variety of topics, including

1. substantial amounts of law, and

2. retells stories of Adam, Abraham and Moses.

A major theme is guidance:

3. urging the pagans (Al-Kuffar) and the Jews of Medina to embrace Islam, and
4. warning them and the hypocrites of the fate God had visited in the past on those who failed to heed His call.

Al-Baqarah contains several verses dealing with the subject of warfare.
5. Verses [Qur'an 2:190] are often quoted on the nature of battle in Islam.

6. Ayah 282 provides general approval and guidelines for the recording and reporting of transactions.

Underpinning Islamic belief is the requirement that

7. doubt and uncertainty be removed from inter-personal engagements.

8. In business affairs, all parties’ rights and obligations are to be fully documented for verification and exploration.

9. The verses place an emphasis on recording material credit loans and transactions, and advise that

10. these transactions should be signed by debtors (to acknowledge their indebtedness and the amount thereof), the ultimate in verification processes.

Posted - Wednesday, April 14, 2010  -  11:46 AM Reply with quote
"Not testing! No! I want to discuss Surah Baqarah thoroughly and to learn from one another in this way! I am just a learner.Hope u participate in the discussion with zeal!"

Kaykx! I shall look into it and come back inshallaH.

Posted - Wednesday, April 14, 2010  -  1:04 PM Reply with quote
"All the Surahs of Quran seem to have a thematic background. For example the theme of Surah Momin, Chapter number 40 is that the people who rise for the invitation to Tawheed or oneness and supremacy of God, He is responsible Himself for their help and support. As opposed to this, the arrogants will be doomed."

It's actually "people who rise for the invitation to Tawheed or oneness and supremacy of God, without considering their COMPROMISES"

Posted - Thursday, April 15, 2010  -  4:13 PM Reply with quote

"All the Surahs of Quran seem to have a thematic background.

And the thematic background of Surah Baqara according to your research?

Posted - Saturday, April 17, 2010  -  10:46 AM Reply with quote
It is very well explained here in detail:-

Analysis of Sūrah Baqarah
Qur'anic Exegesis
Amin Ahsan Islahi
(Tr. by:Shehzad Saleem)

A subject-wise analysis of Sūrah Baqarah, the longest of the Qur’ānic sūrahs, reveals that the sūrah can be distinctly divided into an introduction, a main body comprising four sections, and a conclusion. A study of this analysis shall not only be helpful in understanding the relationship of its various sections with its central theme, but also give the reader a general idea about the sūrah itself. We take up these sections in order.


This section extends over the first thirty-nine verses of the sūrah. It begins with the mention of those among its addressees who shall accept faith and those who would reject it. A reference is then made to the mental perplexity and confusion of the latter after the Qur’ān had begun to be revealed. In this regard, the Bani Ismael have been warned that this Book of Allah has revealed the truth in its ultimate form upon them. It would be extremely unfortunate for them if they are still led astray by the mischievous machinations of the Jews and thus deprive themselves of this great blessing---the Qur’ān.

The introduction ends on the tale of Satan’s malicious rivalry and the khilaafat of man. This tale is actually a mirror which reflects the whole scene which was created when the Prophet (sws) had started disseminating the Message of Allah, and it clearly brings out the supporters and the adversaries of the new religion. The criticism of the angels on the khilaafat of man and their subsequent satisfaction over it is actually the example of those people who initially kept away from Islam because they had some doubts about it, but, later on, as soon as the truth of this religion became evident to them, they became its supporters and allies. This was because they were true seekers of the truth and were not jealous and obstinate like others who had rejected Islam merely on these bases.

On the contrary, the opposition offered by Satan is actually the example of those who were opposing the Prophet (sws) due to sheer pride and vanity about their creed and status. The Jews and the leaders of the Quraysh are perfect representatives of this category. Such hostile factions do not end their rivalry once they are aware of the truth, instead they get more hostile. Consequently, the more they were convinced of the truth of the Prophet’s mission, the more they increased their aggression.

In the light of this tale, the Jews and their supporters have been explained that their malice and jealousy for the Prophet (sws) and his mission is exactly the same as was shown by Satan towards the khilaafat of man. It has been emphatically stated, simultaneously, that just as the khilaafat of man was constituted against the wishes of Satan, the Prophethood of Muhammad (sws) shall be established against their wishes as well.

Main Body

Section I

This section ranges from verse 40 to verse 121 and can be further divided into three subsections. In the first of these which ends with verse 46, the Bani Israel have been specifically addressed and urged to profess faith in the Prophethood of Muhammad (sws) to which their own scriptures so clearly testify. They have then been reminded of the covenant they had pledged in supporting and helping this mission and in fact outdoing each other in this cause, as has been mentioned in the Torah. They have been cautioned that they must not forget this promise merely on the bases of malice and envy and have been further advised to refrain from the mean tactics they had adopted of mingling the true with the false. They have been urged to persevere in the cause of truth and pray regularly as both these would bring them Allah’s help.

In the next subsection (verses 47-63), it has been explained, first of all, that a person shall be rewarded in the Hereafter on account of his faith and deeds and not on the basis of his association with a particular family or clan. It must be borne in mind that the Jews had fallen prey to the misconception that the position of power and respect they possess is due to the fact they they were the progeny of the prophets Abraham and Jacob. They, therefore, thought that this association would grant them salvation as well in the Hereafter. In fact, this arrogance proved the biggest obstacle for them in their acceptance of the Prophethood of Muhammad (sws). It has consequently been made clear to them in the subsequent verses that whatever position and strength they possess and reckon to possess later are and would be a sheer blessing from the Almighty. They must not forget that if He has showered His favours and blessings upon them, He has also punished them whenever they have been ungrateful to Him. Therefore, they must turn to Him instead of depending on the false bases of race and creed; they must face the reality and give up their superstitious beliefs.

The last subsection (verses 64-121) is actually a history of the breach of promises and the traitorship of the Jews as to how they disobeyed the commandments of Allah and how this criminal mentality had been nurtured in them since the very beginning. A mention has also been made of their superstitions and of other activities which were instrumental in debasing the Shariah and the Book of Allah in their eyes.

All these details have been stated to make it clear upon the Jews that though they claim to be the recipients of a Divine Book, yet they have shown total indifference to it, and have broken all their promises with Allah. Therefore, it is necessary that the Almighty should depose them from their position of leadership, and grant this position of trust to those who are worthy of it.

Section II

In this section, which starts at verse 122 and ends with verse 162, the part of Abraham’s life which relates to the building of the Baitullaah is covered. It must be borne in mind that when Abraham had started to build the Baitullaah, he had prayed to the Almighty to raise a Muslim Ummah among his progeny and a Prophet among them as well. Initially, it has been made clear in this section that the religion of Abraham and his descendents was Islam and not Judaism or Christianity. The Almighty created an Ummat-i-wast for the propagation of Islam. In accordance with Abraham’s prayer, this Ummah’s qiblah was the Baitullaah and not the Bait-ul-Muqaddas. The Bait-ul-Muqaddas was only a temporary qiblah and therefore it was soon changed.

A subtle indication is then made that since at that time the Baitullaah was under the control of the idolators of Mecca, it would have to be liberated and taken under control. This would require a lot of sacrifice---both of life and wealth---and success in this undertaking would depend on the Almighty’s help. The only sources through which this help can be sought are praying to Him and showing perseverence in this cause.

Since the real purpose of narrating this tale is to highlight the fact that Abraham’s prayer was answered in the Prophethood of Muhammad (sws) and that he was the true inheritor of Abraham’s mission, therefore, all distortions and tamperings which the Jews were guilty of committing with their own scriptures in this regard have been brought to light. The Jews, it must be kept in mind, wanted to hide every evidence which related to Abraham and the Baitullaah and the alter of Marwah.

Section III

This section, which ranges from verse 163 to verse 242 mainly consists of the laws and directives of the Shariah revealed to the Muslim Ummah. Since the Jews and the idolators had distorted and twisted many of these and were also responsible for many religious innovations, all these adulterations have been exposed. These laws and directives have not been stated in any juristic order, instead, their order is according to the circumstances which arose. The order aims at the general education and reformation of the Muslims. Briefly stated these directives are:

(1) Tawhīd (163-172),

(2) Prayers and zakat (177),

(3) Qisās and dīyat (178-79),

(4) Legacies and wills (180-82),

(5) Fasts (183-87),

(6) Prohibition of bribery and wealth obtained through ill-means (188),

(7) Hajj and then Jihād and infāq on account of the relationship of the latter two with the former because at that time the Baitullah was under the control of the idolators (189-218),

(8) Prohibition of intoxicants and gambling, permission of incorporating the affairs of the orphans with their guardians and prohibition of marriage among idolators (219-21),

(9) Marriage, divorce, eela, khula’, radaa’at, naan-u-nafqah of the deceased among the spouses and other issues of marital life (222-42).

Section IV

In this section (243-83), the Muslims have been induced to wage Jihād against the unbelievers to liberate the Baitullaah from their hold. They have also been motivated to spend in the way Allah for this cause. A reference is then made to the battle fought by Bani Israel, which has many similarities with the battle of Badr, to set free their qiblah from the Palestinians. Then after a parenthetical sentence infāq is further stressed. In this regard, various examples have been cited to elucidate what type of people does the Almighty guide from the gloom of darkness to the radiance of light and who among the people are left by Him to rove in the darkness. A mention is next made of the blessings of infāq, its conditions and characteristics and of some important sections of the society which should be its recipients. Simultaneously, a prohibition of ribā, the very antithesis of infāq, is made. The section ends with a directive which pertains to precautionary measures that should be undertaken in lending and borrowing.


This section (284-86) is the conclusion of the sūrah. It has been first of all explained that everything in this Universe is under the control of the Almighty; He shall take account of everything whether hidden or visible and punish and bless according to His law whomsoever He wills. It has subsequently been elaborated that whether anyone else believes or not, the Prophet (sws) and his followers firmly believe that this Book has been revealed by the Almighty. The sūrah ends with a prayer in which every word speaks of the tremendous responsibilities of this Book which the Jews and the Christians were unable to fulfil and which now have been passed on to the followers of this new religion.

(Translated from Islahi’s “Tadabbur-i-Qur’ān”) ---Shehzad Saleem

Posted - Sunday, April 18, 2010  -  1:52 PM Reply with quote
Thanks Shehzads for the valuable post. Now let us take up Surah Baqarah bit by bit. First let us discuss the first part,the introduction(verses:1----39).

Posted - Monday, April 19, 2010  -  2:00 PM Reply with quote
Sure, it's your turn now :P

Posted - Tuesday, April 20, 2010  -  6:08 PM Reply with quote
The First part of Surah Baqarah(1--39) can further be divided into seven(7) more minor segments:
1:(1-5)The successful people(muflihun) who will benefit from the Quran.
2:(6-7) The rejecters who have made themselves unable to benefit from the Quran.
3:(8-16)The hypocrites who are vacillating between the message of the Quran and the falsehood.
4:(17-20) Parables about the the above two groups.
5:(21--25) An address to to the idolaters of Arabia. Mention of the reward and punishment for the believers and rejecters of the message of the Quran.
6:(26-29)The mention of the hurdles in the way of accepting the message of the Quran.
7:(30--39) Story of Adam(A.S) in the context of Jews, response to the message of the Quran.

Posted - Friday, April 23, 2010  -  9:15 PM Reply with quote
ابَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتِي الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِي أُوفِ بِعَهْدِكُمْ وَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ وَآمِنُوا بِمَا أَنزَلْتُ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ وَلَا تَكُونُوا أَوَّلَ كَافِرٍ بِهِ وَلَا تَشْتَرُوا بِآيَاتِي ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا وَإِيَّايَ فَاتَّقُونِ وَلَا تَلْبِسُوا الْحَقَّ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتَكْتُمُوا الْحَقَّ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ أَتَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبِرِّ وَتَنسَوْنَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَتْلُونَ الْكِتَابَ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ الَّذِينَ يَظُنُّونَ أَنَّهُمْ مُلَاقُو رَبِّهِمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ(٢: ٤٠-٤٦)

[It is for this very purpose1 that this Qur’ān has been revealed, so]2 O Progeny of Israel3, recall My favour4 which I had bestowed upon you5.

1. This refers to the previous verse in which it is said that the Almighty would keep sending guidance to man.

2. The real discourse of the sūrah begins from this verse once its introductory portion ends on the previous one. Initially, in this first section of the discourse, the Jews are reminded of their responsibilities as per the Torah regarding the Prophethood of Muhammad (sws). After that, till the very end of this section, they are presented with a charge sheet of their crimes which made them liable to punishment in this very world.

3. ‘إِسْرَائِيلَ’ is actually a Hebrew word having the same meaning as the Arabic word ‘عَبْدُ الله’ (servant of God).

4. This refers to the positions of ‘شُهَدَا عَلَي الْنَّاس’ (witnesses to the truth) and religious leadership of the world for which the Banū Isra’īl were once chosen by the Almighty just as certain personalities in the progeny of Adam were chosen by Him as His prophets and messengers. Other favours that were bestowed on them should be deemed subsumed in this category on a secondary basis because they were in fact a consequence of this position and status.

5. The words ‘My favour’ and ‘which I had bestowed upon you’ are meant to admonish the Jews on their foolish notion that this favour was bestowed on them because they as a race were entitled to it. The truth of the matter is that it was a blessing of the Almighty.


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